Goat Breeds Around The World

Goat breeds around the world

Goat Breeds Around The World

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There are about more than 300 goat breeds present in the world. Some goat breeds are wild type which means they live in the forests and mountains etc. and are not kept for farming or as a pet but are hunted for example the Markhor goat breed found in the Himalayas and the surrounding areas of Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Tajikistan.

Goat breeds are classified on the basis of their size, weight, coat color, shape, body characteristics and type of production. Goat breeds that are kept at home for farming purpose or as a pet can be divided into several types such as:

  1. Dairy goat breeds
  2. Meat goat breeds
  3. Highly reproductive  goat breeds
  4. Fiber producing goat breeds

1. Dairy Goat Breeds: These goats are popular for their high milk producing capabilities as compared to other goats. These include breeds such as the Nubian and Nigerian dwarf goat breeds that are good milk producers with high amount of fat content that can be up to 10% sometimes! Other examples of popular dairy goat breeds are:

  • Alpine Goat
  • LaMancha Goat
  • Oberhasli Goat
  • Saanen Goat
  • Nigerian Dwarf Goat
  • Sable Goat
  • Barbari Goat
  • Jamunapari Goat
  • 2. Meat Goat Breeds: These goat breeds are popular for their meat production ability. They gain more weight and at a faster rate than the dairy breeds. Although they produce milk but their milk is only enough for the kids they give birth to and cannot be bred for milk production. Meat goat breeds are used for meat production and their skin is used in leather products.  Popular goat breeds are as follows:

  • Boer Goat
  • Spanish Goat
  • Rangeland Goat
  • Black Bengal Goat
  • Mato Goat
  • Kalahari Goat
  • Kiko Goat
  • Vetara Goat
  • 3. Highly Reproductive Goats: These goat breeds are popular for their highly productive kidding abilities. For example the popular teddy goat of Pakistan that is of small size and is only used for meat production, does are mature at age of 5 to 6 months and ready for breeding. They give birth to multiple kids after each 5 months and come in heat again quickly, on an average they give birth twice in 13 to 14 months.

    4. Fiber Producing Goats: These goat breeds produce fiber and wool. For example the Cashmere goat of Kashmir produces a very expensive fiber called Pashmina which is used to produce Pashmina shawls. Similarly the fiber of Angora goat is called mohair.

    While buying goat breeds you should always keep in mind the purpose for which you are buying a goat breed and see if it has such capabilities that will make it more economical and boost your business. Selection of goat breeds is the very important step in starting any type of goat farming business and hence a knowledge of different goat breeds is necessary.

    Learn about different goat breeds, their origin, purpose and characteristics: 



    Alpine goats
    By Eponimm - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

    • Origin: French Alps
    • Purpose: Dairy and crossbreeding
    • Buck weight: 77kg minimum
    • Doe weight: 61 kg minimum
    • Buck height: 81 cm or more
    • Doe height: 76 cm
    • Horned: Yes.
    • Bread: Yes
    • Milk: 2134 pounds of milk per lactation.
    • Alternate names: Alpine Polychrome, American Alpine, French Alpine 

    Photo: Anglo Nubian Goat

    • Origin: Great Britan
    • Purpose: Fiber and Milk
    • Buck weight: 79 kg
    • Doe weight: 61 kg
    • Buck Height: 89 cm
    • Doe Height: 76 cm
    • Ears: Long pendulous and floppy
    • Alternate Name: Nubian


    Photo: Angora goat

    Photo: Angora Goat

    • Origin: Central Anatolia Region
    • Purpose: Fiber which is called mohair.
    • Fiber production: 4 to 5 kg per yeare
    • Fiber color: white, black,  grey, silver, red and brown.
    • Buck weight: 180 to 225 pounds
    • Doe weight: 70 to 110 pounds
    • Horned: Yes both sexes.
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    ;Photo: Appenzell Goat

    Photo: Appenzell Goat

    By Moritz Schmaltz from St.Gallen, Switzerland - PICT0006
    Uploaded by Magnus Manske, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

    • Origin: Switzerland
    • Purpose: Milk
    • Buck weight: 65 kg
    • Doe weight: 45 kg
    • Buck height: 80 cm
    • Doe height: 75 cm             
    • Coat color: white
    • Wool: white
    • Face color: whtie
    • Horned: Usually not horned
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Photo: Arapawa goat

    Photo: Arapawa goat

    By Jennifer Dickert from Dover, NH, USA - Goat, CC BY 2.0, Link

    • Origin: Arapaoa Island
    • Purpose: Meat and Milk
    • Buck weight: 57 kg
    • Doe weight: 27 to 36 kg
    • Alternate Name: Arapawa Island Goat
    • Horns: Present


    Photo: Australian Cashmere

    Photo: Australian Cashmere

    • Origin: Australia
    • Purpose: Fiber
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Photo: Australian Miniature goat

    Photo: Australian miniature goat

    • Origin: Australia
    • Purpose: Pet and Mix
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name
    • Horned: Yes
    • Height: 43 to 58 cm



    Photo: Barbari Goat

    Photo: Barbari Goat

    Photo By: Wikipedia
    • Origin: India and Pakistan
    • Purpose: dual purpose, meat and milk.
    • Alternate Name: Bari, Sai Bari, Thori Bari, Titri Bari, Wadi Bari
    • Buck weight: 38 kg
    • Doe weight: 23 kg
      Buck height: 71 cm
    • Doe height: 56 cm
    • Coat color: white spotted with brownish red.
    • Horned: Yes, there is also a polled strain called the Thori Bari.
    • Milk: 107 Liters in 150 days of lactation.


    Photo: Beetal Goat

    Photo: Beetal Goat

    By Akbarkq - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
    • Origin: Punjab of India and Pakistan
    • Purpose: Meat and Milk
    • Horned: Yes
    • Buck weight: 65 kg
    • Doe weight: 45 kg
    • Multiple kidding is common in does.
    • Milk: 2.5 to 5 liters per day
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Photo: Billberry goat

    Photo: Bilberry goat

    By RTG - Own work, Public Domain, Link
    • Origin: Waterford, Ireland
    • Purpose: Milk Meat and Skin
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name
    • Horns: Yes, very large horns
    • Coat color: Shaggy coat
    • Endangered: Yes, as of 2008 there of only 41.


    Photo: Blonda dell’Adamello

    Photo: Blonda dell’Adamello



    • Origin: Lombardy
    • Purpose: Milk and meat also
    • Buck weight: 70 to 75 kg
    • Doe weight: 55 to 60 kg
    • Doe height: 74 cm
    • Wool: pale gold to brown
    • Horns: Males horned
    • Beard: Males bearded
    • Alternate Name:  Bionda; Mustàscia


    Photo: Black Bengal goat

    Photo: Black Bengal goat

    • Origin: India and Bangladesh
    • Purpose: Reproduction, Meat, Skin
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name
    • Coat color: Usually black but brown and white or gray is also found.
    • Buck weight: 25 to 30 kg
    • Doe weight: 20 to 25 kg.


    Goat breeds - Boer Goat

    Photo: Boer Goat

    • Origin: South Africa
    • Purpose: Meat and Milk
    • Coat color: white bodies and brown heads.
    • Fast growing breed, kids are slaughtered at a weight of 22 to 36 kg which they gain in only 90 days.
    • Multiple births in does are common.
    • Alternate Name: Africander and Afrikaner


    British Alpine Goat

    Photo: British Alpine Goat

    • Origin: England
    • Purpose: Milk
    • Doe weight: 61 kg
    • Coat color: black all over with white swiss markings.
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Chamois Colored Goat

    Photo: Chamois Colored Goat

    By Baph - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
    • Origin: Switzerland
    • Purpose: Meat and Milk
    • Alternate Name: Chamoisee
    • Bucks weight: 75 kg minimum
    • Does Weight: 55 kg minimum
    • Bucks Height: 85 cm
    • Does Height: 75 cm
    • Horned: Horned and hornless types
    • Beard: Yes, in males
    • Wool: Brown with black stripes
    • Face: brown with black stripes
    • Milk: 700kg per lactation


    Changthangi goat

    Photo: Changthangi goat

    • Origin: Tibet
    • Purpose: Fiber and Meat
    • Distinction: Produces the world’s finest Cashmere
    • Survive at tempratures as low as 20 °C
    • Bucks Weight:  31 kg
    • Does Weight: 26 kg
    • Alternate Name: Pashmina, Changra


    Danish Landrace goat

    Danish Landrace goat

    By Tomasz Sienicki - Photographed by Tomasz Sienicki / Own work, CC BY 1.0, Link
    • Origin: Denmark
    • Purpose: Milk, meat and pet
    • Buck weight: 80 kg
    • Does weight: 58 kg
    • Coat color: brown and black, white, blue-grey and other hues.
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Changthangi goat

    Photo: Changthangi goat


    • Origin: Netherlands
    • Purpose: Milk but also used for fiber and meat
    • Buck weight: 35 to 40 kg
    • Doe weight: 27 to 30 kg
    • Horns: 5 types of horns named as Ammon horn, Scimitar, Dorcas, Moderate Twist and Incipent Corkscrew
    • Coat color: shades of brown
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Photo: Erzgebirge Goat

    Photo: Erzgebirge Goat

    By Klaaschwotzer - Own work, CC0, Link


    • Origin: Saxony, Germany
    • Purpose: Milk
    • Horns: Polled.
    • Coat color: reddish brown, stipes of face back and legs.
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Fainting Goat experiencing myotonia

    Photo: Fainting Goat

    By Klaaschwotzer - Own work, CC0, Link


    • Origin: United States
    • Purpose: Meat
    • Buck Weight: Upto 90 kg
    • Doe Weight: 27 to 79 kg
    • Alternate Name: Myotonic, “falling goats”, “stiff-legged goats”, “falling down goats”, “nervous goats”, "Tennessee goats", “epileptic goats”


    Photo: Girgentana Goat

    Girgentana goats

    By Klaaschwotzer - Own work, CC0, Link


    • Origin: Northern Afghanistan, Balochistan and Kashmir in Pakistan
    • Buck weight: 65 kg
      Doe weight: 45 kg
    • Buck height: 85 cm
    • Doe height: 80 cm
    • Horns: Yes, spiral like in both sexes.
    • Wool: White
    • Face: white or sometimes yellowish.
    • Beard: Yes
    • Purpose: Milk
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name


    Golden Guernsey

    Golden Guernsey Goat


    • Origin: Guernsey
    • Purpose: Milk
    • Bucks weight: 68.18 kg
    • Does weight: 54.54 kg
    • Coat color: golden
    • Horned: Males horned sometimes
    • Milk: 3.16 Kilogram per day
    • Alternate Name: No alternate name

    List is Updating......

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