Nubian goats were developed in the 1920’s and 30’s by a cross between Old English milch goat and the Middle Eastern breeds such as Zariby and Nubian imported from India, Egypt and Russia. They are also known as Anglo Nubian Goat.
Nubian Goat Facts:
- Country Of Origin: Great Britain
- Type: Dual-purpose
- Distinguishing Characters: Large, pendulous and floppy ears and a very round nose which is referred as a “Roman”Nose.
- Temperament: Sociable, outgoing and vocals.
- Nick Names: Rabbit Goat, Long eared Goat and Grey Hound Goat
- Weight: Bucks are 79 Kg and does are 61 Kg in weight.
- Uses: Can be used for dual purpose. It is great for milk butter fat production with 4.6% or more butter fat content.
- Nubian Goat Coat Color: Nubian goats have short and fine coat. It is a multi-colored breed. Most seen colors are white, red, black and tan. Usually they are combined with white.
- Milk: They produce high butter fat milk which is ideal for making cheese, yogurt and soap
How to Care for Nubian Goats:
Nubian goats can adapt to very low and high temperature. It can survive at about 0 degree celcius in shelters with open face. Nubian goats are reported as vocal but they only do so to grab attention of their owner and like to do simple neck and side stroking with their human owners. However if they are provided with adequate amount of water, food and shelter they are likely to be quite.
How to house your Nubian Goats Properly:
- Provide a proper and suitable place that is clean, dry and elevated from the rest of area.
- A safely fenced yard is also very important. The fencing should be atleast 4 feet tall.
- Nubian goats need 200 square food of space per goat which is relatively higher than other breeds
- Provide comfortable and dry bedding made of straw, wood shaving or even dry sand that you can replace after a few days.
Feeding Management of Nubian Goats:
- As Nubian goats like to browse than graze, a pasture with shrubs and bushes would be great for them.
- Alfalfa or Berseem/clover would make the best hay for Nubian goats
- If your goat is producing high volumes of milk don’t forget to feed it supplements that include concentrated meals and cakes and vitamin and mineral mixtures.
- Nubian goats are picky in nature and do not accept new feeds quickly, hence any feed change must be made gradually to avoid upsetting rumen microbial status.
- Do not feed grains more than 50% of the diet.
- 5 pound of grain should be fed for every pound of milk if your goat is producing more than 3 pounds of milk everyday along with good quality forage.
- Try not to feed a doe more than 4 pounds of grain per day (Smith, 1994).
- Sufficient clean water should always be available to the goats.
Keeping Your Nubian Goats Healthy
- Goats are usually hardy animals and Nubian goods are usually more healthy than other goats
- Get your goats checked up regularly and vaccinate them on time.
- Annual vaccination of tetanus and enterotoxemia (CDT) is important.
- Deworm your goats every 3 to 4 months to kill internal parasites and maintain your goats growth
- Trim your Nubian goat’s hooves every three months.
Problems of raising Nubian goats depend of where you live. The biggest problem is predators so provide proper fencing or keep your goats in the bard or stable at night. Other problems include poisonous plants in the pasture and improperly managed health of your animals.
The Nubian goats are amazing dual purpose animals and you can farm them to generate some revenue at the end of the year. All living things need care and so do the Nubian goats. Take care of your goats, feed them properly, give the adequate shelter and vaccinate them. Observe your animals and if you detect any laziness etc. get a doctor to check up your goats for any problem.